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Indentification  :- When we find रहा था , रहे थे , रही थी at the end of any hindi sentence we can call it past continuous tense.

or

Past continuous tense Tense show an action that was in progress temporarily at some time in the past.

(यह काल ऐसे समय को बताता है जो भूतकाल में किसी समय पर अस्थाई रूप से जारी हो |)

Example :-

 

Structure
We/You/They/Plural (Were)I/He/She/It/Singular  (Was)

Positive Sentence : S + Were + v1 + ing + o.

Ex:- हिंदी : वे पुस्तक पड़ रहे थे |

English :- They were reading a book.

Positive Sentence : S + was + v1 + ingEx:- हिंदी :- वह पुस्तक पड़ रहा था|

English :- He was reading a book.

Negative Sentence : S + Were  + not + v1 + ing + o.Ex:- हिंदी :- वे पुस्तक नहीं पड़ रहे थे |

English :- They were not reading a book.

Negative Sentence : S + Was  + not + v1 + ing + o.Ex:- हिंदी :- वह पुस्तक नहीं पड़ रहा था |

English :- Ram were not reading a book.

Interrogative Sentence : Were + S + v1 + ing  + o?Ex:- हिंदी :-  क्या वे पुस्तक पड़ रहे थे |

English :- were they reading a book.

Interrogative Sentence :  Was + S + v1 + ing + 0?Ex:- हिंदी: – क्या मोहन फुटबॉल खेल रहा था ?

English:- Was Mohan playing football?

Interrogative + Negative Sentence : Were + S + not + v1 + ing  + 0?Ex:- हिंदी :- क्या वे पुस्तक नहीं पड़ रहे थे |

English :- were they not reading a book.

Interrogative + Negative Sentence :  Was + S + not + v1 + ing + o?Ex:- हिंदी :- क्या वह पुस्तक नहीं पड़ रहा था ?

English :- Was he not reading a book.

Note : All Quesstion words are used before helping verb and subject but who Question word is used as a subject in Interrogative or (Interrogative + negative sentence).

Ex :- Who was playing?

Example of Question Words.

What/whose/whom /which/why/where/when/how/who.

सुनील क्या खोज रहा था ?What was Sunil looking for?
उसके साथ किसकी बहन नाच रही थी ?Whose sister was dancing with him?
तुम फ़ोन पर किससे बात कर रहे थे ?whom were you talking to on the phone?
वे कोन से भगवान की पूजा कर रहे थे ?Which God were they worshiping?
वह तुम्हे क्यों डाट रहा था ?why was he scolding you?
उस समय वह कहा देख रही थी ?Where was she looking you?
तुम टीवी कब देख रहे थे ?When were you watching T.V?
बिना हेडलाइट के वह कैसे ड्राइव कर रही थी ?How was she driving without headlights?
कार के पास कोण खड़ा था ?who was standing near the car?

 

Combination
While+past continuous+past continuous

हिंदी :- जब हम मेहनत कर रहे थे वे हमारा मजाक उड़ा रहे थे |

English :- While we were working hard, they were making fun of us.

While+past continuous+past simple
हिंदी :-जब हम स्टेशन पर सो रहे थे किसी ने हमारा पर्श चुरा लिया |
English :- While we were sleeping, somebody stole my luggage.
When+Past simple+past continuous
हिंदी :- जब अचानक बिजली चली गई में एक डरावनी फिल्म देख रहा था |
English :- When the light suddenly went out, I was watching a horror movie.

Uses of past continuous Tense

1. Use Two Past Action Simultaneously :

जब वह मेरे सामने बैठी थी में उसके हाव भाव को ध्यान से देख रहा था |When she was sitting in front of me I was watching her expressions carefully.
वह झूठी कहानी गढ़ती जा रही थी और प्रिंसिपल का गुसा बढ़ता जा रहा था |She was fabricating a cock and bull story and the principle’s anger was rising.
जैसे जैसे अँधेरा होता जा रहा था हमारे हौसले तिल तिल कमजोर होते जा रहे थे |As it was getting dark, our spirits were getting weaker.

2. Use Past Continuous Action When something else happened

जब वह उससे सादी की बात कर रहा था तब हवा ने उसके नकली बाल उड़ा दिये |While he was proposing to her, the wind blew his wig.
जब में रेलगाड़ी से उतरा स्टाफ के सभी लोग मेरा इंतजार कर रहे थे |When I got off the train all the staff members were waiting for me.
जब वह सुबह देरी उठा उसकी पत्नी उसे घुसे से देख रही थी |When he got up late in the morning his wife was looking at him with anger.

3 Use Past States

पार्टी में कुछ लोग खड़े थे कुछ बैठे थे |Some people Were standing and some were sitting at the party.
आप सब कहा लेटे हुए थे जब धमाका हुआ ?Where was you all lying when the explosion occurred?
में सोया हुआ था जब वह चपके से मेरे कमरे में आयी |was sleeping when she entered the room stealthily.
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