New Post

Default Placeholder Default Placeholder Default Placeholder Default Placeholder Default Placeholder

Identification :- When we find किया , किया था , हुआ , हुआ था , करता था , किया करता था , होता था at end of any hindi sentence we can call it past simple tense.

or

Past simple Tense shows and action that happened in the past.

[यह काल ऐसे कार्य को बताता है जो भूतकाल में पूर्ण हो | ]

Structure :-

i/we/you/they/he/she/singular/plural

1. Simple sentence :- S + v2.

Example :- He passed the test.

2. Negative sentence :-  S + did + not + v1.

Example :- He did not pass the test.

3. Interrogative sentence :- Did + s + v1?

Example :- Did he pass the test?

4. (Interrogative + Negative) sentence:-  Did + s + not + v1?

Example :-Did he not pass the test?

Note : All Question words are used before helping verb and subject but who Question word is used as a subject in Interrogative or (Interrogative + negative sentence).

Ex : Why did not he pass the test?

Example of Question word :-

तुमने कल ऑफिस में क्या देखा ?What did you see in the office yesterday?
पुलिस ने किसके घर को घेरा था ?Whose house did the police surround?
स्टाफ ने किसका स्वागत किया था ?Whom did the staff welcome?
बच्चो ने मंच पर कोनसा गीत गया था ?Which song did the children sing on the stage?
राजकुमारी ने उसे धोखा क्यों दिया ?Why did the princess deceive him?
अलादीन को चिराग कहा मिला था ?where did Aladdin find the lamp?
तुम सेना में कब भर्ती हुए थे ?When did you join army?
छात्रों ने प्रिंसिपल को कैसे मनाया ?How did the students convince the principle?
बचपन में तुम्हारे साथ कौन कौन खेलता था ?Who played with you in your childhood?
कितने बजे तुम सोये थे ?What time did you sleep?

Adverb in past Simple

.

thenतबThen I realized the truth.
ago/long agoपहले / बहुत पहलेWe met five years ago.
last nightकल रातI did not sleep Last night.
last weekपिछले सप्ताहMy father returned from london last week.
that dayउस दिनShe told me everything that day.
those daysउस दिनोI went to school on foot those days. 
one dayएक दिनA strange girl met me on the train one day.
the other dayएक दिनMy mother told me about her the other day.
in school daysस्कूल के दिनों मेंWere you taller then your sister in school days?
in childhoodबचपन मेंWe moved in this house in my childhood.
at 7am7 बजेThe news came at 7am.
at that timeउस समयI was junior to him at that time.
yesterday कलwhat time did your train leave yesterday?
on sundayरविवार कोWe watched a romantic film on sunday .
on 7thjuly7 जुलाई कोThay started my instagram on 7thjuly.
in 20062006 मेंThey finally got married in 2006.
onceएक बार / कभीWe once lived in the flat.
once upon a timeएक समय पहलेOnce upon a time there was a blind king
in Marchमार्च मेंThe lockdown started in march.
this noonआज दोपहरI skipped my lunch this noon.

Uses Of Past Simple Tense

1. Use Past Action with Point of Time 

हम दो दिन पहले दिल्ली पहुंचे थे |We arrived in Delhi two days ago.
कल रात मझे एक बुरा सपना आया |I had a nightmare last night.
आपने कॉलेज कब छोड़ा था ?When did you leave your college?

2. Use Past Repeated Action

स्कूल के दिनों में मै बहुत तेज दौड़ता था |I swam very fast in my school days.
हर साल कोच रवि को ही कप्तान बनता था |The coach made only Ravi caption every year.
हॉस्टल के दिनों में वह बहुत जल्दी उड़ता था |gHe wake up very early in hostel days.

3. Use Being in past ( was/were)

पिछले महीने में बीमार  था |I was indisposed last month.
कल तुम कक्षा में अनुपस्थित क्यों थे ?Why were you absent in the class yesterday?

4. Use Possession in past (had) +ve / ( did not have ) -ve

2019 में इस कम्पनी के पास करोड़ो रुपयों का व्यापर और लेनदेन था |In 2019 this company had the business and turnover of millions of rupees.

हलाकि स्वामी विवेकानन्द साहसी थे |

परन्तु परमहस के सामने बोलने की हिम्मत नहीं थी | 

Although Swami Vivekananda was courageous yet he did not have any courage

to speak in of Paramhansa.

5. Use Past Achievements 

अंकित  के दादा जी ने अपने जीवन काल में तीन मकान बनाए थे |Ankit’s grandfather built three house during his lifetime. ( Grandfather not Alive )
महोम्मद रफ़ी ने चार दशको में कितने गाने गाए थे ?How many songs did Mohd. Rafi sing in the span of four decades? ( Rafi not Alive )
मेरे भाई की कप्तानी में टीम ने पुरे ग्याराह मैच जीते थे |The team won complete eleven matches during my brother’s captaincy. ( Retired )

6. Use Stories / Incidents etc.

एक समय पहले एक पंसारी की दुकान में बहुत सारे चूहे रहा करते थे | वे दुकान का सारा सामान खा जाते थे और गंदगी मचा देते थे उनसे तंग आकर पंसारी एक बिल्ली ले आया और दुकान में छोड़ दी |Once upon a time there lived plenty of mice in a grocery shop. They ate all the stuff of the shop and made a mess there. Fed up by them, the grocer brought a cat and left it in the shop.
लगभग दस साल पहले में एक जूते बनाने वाली कंपनी में काम करता था | एक सुन्दर सी लड़की भी मेरे साथ काम करती थी | इत्फ़ाक की बात थी कि हम दोनों के नाम मिलते जुलते थे | मेरा नाम प्रभाकर और उसका नाम प्रभा |I worked in a shoe making company around ten years ago. A beautiful girl also worked with me. It was a matter of chance that our names resembled each other. My name was Prabhakar and her name was Prabha.
share this post
0Shares

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Share Article: