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Test ( Try to translate in English )

  1. लॉकडाउन से ही बेरोजगारी बढ़ती जा रही है |
  2. आप यह आत्मकथा कब से लिख रहे है |
  3. कितने सालो से आप इस गराज से अपनी कार की सर्विस करवा रहे है ?
  4. उसका बेटा बचपन से परमात्मा और मोक्ष की खोज कर रहा है |
  5. हम आज सुबह से ही डाट खा रहे है |
  6. आदि काल से इंसान नई तकनिकी के आविष्कार कर रहा है |

Identification :- When we find से रहा है ,से रहे है , से  रही है at the end of any hindi sentence we call it present perfect continuous tense.

or

Present perfect continuous shows an action that started in the past and continuous at the time of speaking.

(यह काल ऐसे कार्य को बताता है जो भूतकाल में आरंभ होकर वर्तमानकाल तक जारी रहे |)

Ex:-

मिस्टर बिन दो घण्टे से बस का इन्तज़ार कर रहा है |

Mr. Bean has been waiting  for  the bus for two hours.

Mr Bean Waiting GIF - Mr Bean Waiting Still Waiting - Discover & Share GIFs

10 am (past)

Mr Bean Waiting GIF - Mr Bean Waiting Still Waiting - Discover & Share GIFs

12pm (present)

Structure

I/we/You /They/pluralhe/she/It/Singular
Have beenhas been

1.Simple sentence :- S + have/has + been + v1 + ing + since/for+o.

Ex :- He has been reading since morning.

2.Negative sentence :- S + have/has + not + been + v1 + ing + since/for+o.

Ex :- He has not been reading since morning.

3.Interrogative sentence :  have/has + S+ been + v1 + ing + since/for+o?

Ex :- Has he been reading since morning?

4.Interrogative  + Negative sentence:  have/has + S+ not + been + v1 + ing + since/for +o?

Ex :- Has he not been reading since morning?

Note : All Question words are used before helping verb and subject but who Question word is used as a subject in Interrogative or (Interrogative + negative sentence).

Ex :- who has been reading since morning?

Example of Question Words.

What/whose/whom/which/why/where/when/how/who/since when/How long.

इतनी देर से तुम क्या चबा रहे हो ?what have you been chewing for so long?
तब से वह किसकी किताब पढ़ रहे है ?Whose book has he been reading since then?
वह एक घंटे से तुम किसका इंतजार कर रही है ?For whom has she been singing for so long?
में इतनी देर से कोनसा गीत गा रहा हूँ ?Which song have I been singing for so long?
वह दोपहर से क्यों रो रहा है ?why has he been crying since noon?
इतनी देर से तुम कहा बैठे हो |Where have you been sitting for so long?
आप कब से यहां काम कर रहे हो ?Since when have you been working here?
आप इस कंपनी को कैसे संभाल रहे है |how have you been handling this company?
काल रात से यहां कोन लेटा हुआ है |Who has been lying here since last night?
कितने समय से वह यहां पढ़ा रहा है ?For How long has been teaching here?
कितने बजे से सीमा सो रही है ?Since what time has Seema been sleeping?

word in present perfect continuous tense

WordMeaningExample
sinceसेIt has been raining since last light.
forसेThey have been shouting for ten minutes.
Since whenकब सेSince when has she been cooking
How longकितने समय से(For) how long have you been playing cricket?
all morningपूरी सुबहshe has been sleeping all morning.
all dayपूरा दिनThey have been quarrelling all day.
all weekपूरा सप्ताहThe interviews have been going on all month.

Use of present perfect continuous tense

1. Continuous Action from past to now 

काफी देर से वह फोन पर बात कर रहा है |He has been talking on the phone for a long.
सरला पांच साल से नाटकों में अभिनय कर रही है |Sarala has been acting in plays since the age of five.
उसकी बहन इतना अच्छा तेर लेती है क्योकि वह स्कूल के दिनों से ही अभ्यास कर रही है |her sister swims so nicely because she has been practising since her school days.
में तुम्हे आधे घंटे से खोज रहा हूँ |I have been looking for you for half an hour .
पुरे दिन से वह टीवी के सामने बैठा है |He has been sitting before Tv all day.
मेरे पापा पिछले दस साल से यह व्यपार कर रहे है |My father has been doing this business for the last ten years.

2. Use Action Result from past to now

वह थका हुआ लग रहा है क्योकि वह काफी देर से खड़ा है |He seems tired, for he has been standing for a long time.
जमीन गीली है क्योकि पूरी रात बारिश होती रही है |The ground is wet because it has been raining all night.
 तुम अंग्रेजी अच्छी बोल लेते हो | कब से सीख रहे हो ?You speak English pretty well. How long have you been learning? 
तुम्हारे हाथ बहुत गंदे है | क्या तुम घर की सफाई कर रहे हो |Your hands are too dirty. Have you been cleaning your house?
तेरा भाई फेल हो गया | पूरा साल खेलता ही रहा है |Your brother has failed. He has been playing all year.

Test ( Solution )

1. लॉकडाउन से ही बेरोजगारी बढ़ती जा रही है |

   Unemployment has been rising since the lockdown.

2. आप यह आत्मकथा कब से लिख रहे है |

    Since when have you been writing this autobiography?

3. कितने सालो से आप इस गराज से अपनी कार की सर्विस करवा रहे है ?

    For how many years you been getting your car serviced from the garage?

4. उसका बेटा बचपन से परमात्मा और मोक्ष की खोज कर रहा है |

   Their son has been been looking for god and salvation since his childhood.

5. हम आज सुबह से ही डाट खा रहे है |

    We have all been getting  scolded since this morning.

6. आदि काल से इंसान नई तकनिकी के आविष्कार कर रहा है |

    Man has been inventing new technologies since time immemorial.

Similer post can you read :

  1. use of since for
  2. present simple tense
  3. present continuous tense
  4. present simple vs present continouse
  5. present perfect tense
  6. Present perfect continouse tense.
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